The concept of “Falsely accused person”

A falsely accused person is someone who has been the victim of irregular criminal proceedings and against whom there is insufficient supporting evidence to prove that he/she committed the alleged crime. Irregular proceedings and fundamental human rights violations indicate that the accusations made against the falsely accused person resulting in he/she being charged, imprisoned or sentenced are false and should be null and void. In particular, the person who has been charged and sentenced would be considered a potential falsely accused person if the principles of the presumption of innocence and torture whether physical or psychological were violated. Consequently, the principle of guilty beyond a reasonable doubt (in dubio pro reo) must be proven against the falsely accused person and, their immediate freedom must be granted in accordance with international treaties.