A falsely accused person is someone who has been the victim of irregular criminal proceedings. They have been accused of some crime despite insufficient supporting evidence. Improper proceedings and fundamental human rights violations indicate that the accusations made against the accused person—and resulting in their being charged, imprisoned or sentenced—are false and should be promptly invalidated. In precise terms, the person thus charged and/or sentenced can be considered falsely accused if the principles of the presumption of innocence and against forced confessions (whether physical or psychological) are violated in any way. Finally, the principle of ‘guilt beyond a reasonable doubt’ (in dubio pro reo) must benefit the falsely accused person and, where applicable, immediate liberation must be granted in respect of the norms of international treaties.